Monday, November 2, 2015

Students of journalism and target orientation field curriculum

The object of Journalism is a formation of journalists specialised in the realm of socio-economic-political-cultural information, to carry out precisely a journalism at the service of the dignity of persons, at the service of the truth, the good and the beautiful, and not at the service of the dominant powers.

Students of journalism and target orientation field curriculum 

Image credit: Asian college of Journalism

Specialities of Journalism students: 

01. Learned and experienced Teachers/Trainers/Experts.

02. Latest state-of-art class room.

03. Extensive Library

04. Computer/Internet facility available.

05. Educational Tours/Study visit.

06. Student-run newspaper, Lab journal publication

07. Diploma film-making

08. Discussion with eminent personalities/experts.

09. Regular Screening of selected films.

10. Regular seminars/programmes on literature, art and culture.

11. On completion of course desiring students shall be provided additional practical training.

12. Support for employment in media after successful completion of course.

Aims of journalism students: 

The object of Journalism is a formation of journalists specialised in the realm of socio-economic-political-cultural information, to carry out precisely a journalism at the service of the dignity of persons, at the service of the truth, the good and the beautiful, and not at the service of the dominant powers.

Saturday, August 15, 2015

5 essential doccuments to make a business legally sound

Nothing can slow down a business like the courtroom, particularly in India. It costs money, you invest effort and worst of all - it can shift your focus from growing your business to a petty matter. This is why every business must take measures to ensure minimal damage in case any relationship - between co-founders or with clients and employees - is headed the wrong way. The only way to do this is to enter into agreements as early as possible. While the needs of your business may well extend beyond the following four, these documents are essential to any new business:


✔ Founders' Agreement

Your co-founders may be your friends or family, but you can never be too sure. Disagreements can grow, over what the role of each founder is, what the vision for the business is, among much else. A Founders' Agreement will ensure that all partners are on the same page and have clarity on crucial aspects of the business.

✔ Employment Agreement:

Start-up hiring can be ridiculously informal. Two years in, the new HR resource will find that not a single early hire signed an agreement. This simply won't do. Think of all you're putting at risk every day you let an employee access your code, business plans or customer database.

✔ Non-disclosure Agreement:

If you believe your start-up truly is destined for greatness, you're making a mistake not signing an NDA before disclosing anything about it with potential tech co-founders and business partners, consultants and the like. You may feel awkward asking them to sign one, but it's part of the game. If they're professional, they won't mind one bit.

✔ Terms of Service/Privacy Policy:

Gone are the days when 'Customer is King' was just an adage. In the Internet age, you need to live up to it. After all, they can do serious damage on social media. So be nice and tell them the terms and conditions of using your website and what you do with information they provide you.

✔ Payment establishment discloser:

Money is the main factor of any business in the world , so transaction details should be disclosed for tax purpose as well as better audit purpose. 
Please revert in case you require any assistance for the above documents. If you don't need them now, do think of us when you do. Just send in a request and you'll have them in 2 to 4 business days at the best price in town.

Friday, August 15, 2014

Colour of Indian Journalism and career opportunities with the bondage of corporate world

India is currently experiencing extraordinary media expansion, with intense competition between players in the industry. Newspapers and broadcasters are anxious to get the inside story out first. The promise of investigative journalism has finally evolved with the times.

Colour of Indian Journalism and career opportunities 

Iconic NDTV Journalist Ravish Kumar with a group of fans

Journalism in India has considerable employment scope these days, with media houses opening new channels or newspapers on a regular basis. While salaries are shooting up, the pool of skilled and qualified journalists is not keeping pace. Without a sufficient number of good reporters and editors, the challenge that the profession faces is of enforcing more rigorous professional standards.

Though print media is read widely and makes money, Indian news organisations are now using online technology to deliver the benefits of the Internet: the most current and up-to-date information, ability to search the content and instantly share information with others. All major newspapers and TV stations in India have launched their own websites to supplement their traditional forms of news delivery. Some are also applying multimedia technology, integrating text, video and audio in news reporting, and in some cases, real-time. Users are able to obtain information on their computers, cell phones and several other hand-held devices.

In this media environment, aspiring journalists will benefit most from training on a concentrated, hands-on curriculum designed to familiarise them with each and every aspect – theoretical, practical and technical – of digital reporting.

As never before, India needs more skilled young journalists who have the ability to cover the story well. There are many well-meaning, sincere journalists in the field who lack adequate training, especially in digital reporting. This suggests a considerably broader mission for journalism colleges to fill that need. Breadth of curriculum, background of faculty, resources available at the institution, and job placements and awards received by graduates are obvious indicators of the quality of any J-school.

A writing career is not an oxymoron. The writing life can be a vocation. Consider a career in journalism, for instance. It can be something that you do full-time and it can be something that can be as gratifying as any career. It can pay bills and put food on the table and fruits in the basket. Like any other professional option, a career in journalism in India requires planning and passion but importantly patience. 

Among the dozens of journalism colleges in India, there are only a few that have an adequate curriculum. The Indian Institute of Journalism & New Media (IIJNM), Bangalore is a pioneer in the field of digital journalism education, introducing the multimedia stream in India. Its trainee journalists may opt to study in the Print, Broadcast or Multimedia streams and gain both a practical focus as well as instruction in sound theory. IIJNM is independent of any news agency or organisation, which allows it to tap all media sources for greater placement opportunities.

Get a Career in Journalism

Journalism has an inevitable impact in our lives. Be it broadcast journalism, print or the web, media has always brought the world to our living rooms. Recently I saw an advertisement on Television which stated that, “In this age of technology, it is absolutely criminal to say you are lost!” Journalism has that effect on you; can you ever be lost with the media buzz around you.

So, what exactly is Journalism?

Simply described, journalism is all about collecting information and disseminating the facts and figures to the public via print, television and Internet. Journalists present the news in a manner that is useful, informative and thought-provoking.

Various Roles in Journalism Careers

When we speak of the term journalist, you could be a reporter working on the field or a sub editor, “subbing” a reporter’s copies. That’s why you should have knowledge on the hierarchies in journalism.

i. Reporter

The journalist, in the capacity of a reporter is the most basic but essential position. He is the one who collects the story information and is also, often the one who gets the story idea! If you want to be a reporter, you need to have that “go-getting” attitude, the desire to pull out facts of a story, conduct interviews and gather first hand information (strictly!). Some of them take a professional photographer along too. A reporter needs to have a sense of time and accuracy; the person shouldn’t shirk from going at odd hours to seize a ‘breaking news’ story.

Remember, it’s all about right timing and a different angle brought to your story that ‘clicks’! So, a reporter is the one who senses a story out of a rather mundane piece of news! There are Special reporters also hired at times who specialise in a particular field like Education, politics, crime or Sports.

ii. Feature writer

A regular in all tabloids, a feature writer gives the readers that much required respite from the regular routine news. Feature writing is about telling the readers a story, a thoroughly researched, meticulously presented story. The difference between a feature writer and a reporter is that a news writer may not have enough preparation time owing to the urgency and timing of news. A feature writer can plan a story for months. These are human interest stories. That doesn’t mean a feature writer’s life is easier – they have to spot and juggle multiple stories at the same time.

iii. Intern

It is not as easy to start off immediately in the field of journalism. To hone and fine tune your skills, starting off as an intern for a newspaper/tabloid is the best option. Not only would you get maximum exposure but also an inside knowledge on how a newspaper works. Many students while pursuing their degree/diploma for journalism take up an internship and by the time they are pass out, they are ready to hit the floors! As an intern, you are either paid per article or a fixed stipend.

iv. Proof reader

The story has been written by the reporter but needs an initial check:
Is the punctuation in place? Any grammatical errors in constructing the sentence? Wrong synonyms used? A proof reader scans the reporters’ copy giving his nod on spelling and grammar checks!

v. Sub editor

Once the proof reading is done and accuracy of data is checked, the sub-editor takes the copy in his hands. ‘Subbing a copy’ involves rewriting the article to suit the requirements of the paper/tabloid. He also needs to give an appropriate and ‘dashing’ headline which we, as readers get ‘hooked’ to! A sub-editor’s job requires imagination, an advanced understanding of the language and a good knowledge of news locally as well as globally.

vi. Designer

If you are used to reading more than just one paper a day (like myself), you are sure to notice the difference in page layouts and space utilisation. There are some papers which are cramped with information and lose appeal. The designer comes to your rescue and places the articles, advertisements in such a manner that ensures lucid reading! The designers receive the final articles from the Sub-editors/Senior sub-editors and also get the space page availability details.

v. News Editor

To become a News editor, you need at least 6 to 7 years experience as a Senior Sub Editor. This person is pivotal for the smooth transition of stories from reporters to the sub editors and from there on to the Design team. He plays the role of ‘Quality check’, and if required may re-write important or Page 1 stories, ensuring fine quality news and is second in line to the Resident Editor.

vi. Editor / Resident editor

This person is obviously on top of the line and in contrast to what people may think, he is actually the most actively involved member in the team. He has to oversee the final quality of the paper, brainstorm new ideas for stories and is ultimately responsible for the final output. He takes decisions to hire new columnists when the need arises and has the major responsibility of keeping in line with the deadlines. An Editor has to be creative, a calculated risk taker at times, instrumental for the consistency and continuity of the paper. Without a proper editorial head, any newspaper/tabloid working can go haywire!

vii. Qualifications required for a career in Journalism

There are various schools of journalism where one can pursue a B.A or M.A in Communication or Journalism, Diplomas in Journalism & Mass Communication and various other certificate courses. The journey in journalism is an unending process; every day teaches you a lesson or two.

Do you have what it takes?

So, you want to be a journalist? A journalist’s job is exciting, inspiring and a “full-of-life” kind but also involves a lot of gruelling hard work.

Be prepared for:

Long-working hours, deadline pressures, quality deliverance irrespective of time constraints, validation and authenticity of information collected

Salary Range in Journalism careers

Journalism as a career in India can pay well as you rise in the ranks. Entry level positions start at around INR 150,000 to 200,000 per annum and mid and senior level positions are between INR 800,000 to INR 1,500,000 per annum.

For star players, the salary can go higher.

What the future holds for journalism careers: The e-paper

Social media has taken over. The need of the hour demands digital news creation. Newspapers and magazines alike all have an e-presence. That the media can influence the readers is known but the Web has a huge audience worldwide, bringing world news at a minimal cost. Web content creation has become equally important in today’s age and hence, there are job requirements for Web designers, editors and consultants for newspaper websites.Institutions like IIJNM aim to bring about profound impact on India’s media scenario in the years to come. With improvement in the quality of journalism, we can certainly hope for superior reporting and news delivery, leading to better governance and stronger democracy in India.

Friday, December 20, 2013

Appointment of 72+ smart IT Cum Marketing Personals Across Indian Territory

We looking for more than 72 smart IT personals across the country for their mega project. It is a good choice for freshers as former experiences doesn't matter at all for these jobs. Still if you have former experiences, then it may work as an added benefit in the recruitment process.
The mega project will contain a combination of:
  • A news portal: A dedicated news portal covering all 36 Indian states which will provide real time news updates in more than 25 Indian languages.
  • A shopping portal: This shopping portal will cover every citizen of India irrespective of their location.
  • A job portal: This portal will be be the ultimate solution for every job seekers.
Who can join: Any Indian citizen having good command over English and any two modern Indian languages (read+write) can apply for these jobs. You should also have a PC (desktop or laptop) and a internet connection.

Education qualifications and other job details:
  1. Trainee reporter: Total no. of posts- 36. Anyone between  the age range of 20-30 years having good knowledge of English and any two modern Indian languages with a 10+2 or above educational qualifications can apply for this job. You always should be ready to collect news around your location, able to work under pressure, know how to communicate with strangers, dedicated to responsibilities, and  above all, you should have good knowledge on Indian geo locations. Should be ready to complete the six month trainee period.
  2. Trainee marketer: Total no. of posts- 36A candidate for this post is expected to have 10+2 level or above academic education with well conversed marketing strategies and marketing news. You are expected to meet merchants in your area. So you should have good communication skills. You should be well versed in English and any two modern Indian languages (reading+writing). You're expected to have knowledge on Indian geo locations. Should be ready to complete the six month  trainee period.
  3. Trainee transactor: Total no. of posts- 36. Transactors will be responsible to write and translate in any one/two modern Indian languages under their comfort zone. A dedicated, well versed with English and any 2 modern Indian language, able to read and write and also translate within your comfort language zones, blogging and online publishing knowledge, ready to complete a Six month trainee period- if you  fall under this requirements, then you are welcome to join us.

Basic requirements: These basic requirements are applicable to all category recruitment. These are-
  • Willing to work as a trainee for first 6 months.
  • Must have a PC (desktop or laptop) and a fixed internet connection.
  • Must know your local language along with standard English (reading+writing).
  • Good communication skill.

Benefits (salary and other compensations):
  1. After completing the six month trainee period, you'll be given a monthly salary of Rs. 15000-30000.
  2. During trainee period, you'll be given only lum-sum incentives (including internet and telephone bills).
  3. TA, DA and PF will be given as per the industry norms.
  4. A Press Card (journalist's identity card) will be issued to you when you complete the trainee period.
  5. All promotions will be subject to your performances.
How to Apply :

If you're interested to join this mega project, you can send your resume/CV to the following addresses- or

Friday, January 1, 2010

15+ Good Reasons You are Still Unemployed

There are thousands of questions among the youths but one question is common around the globe “Why am I still unemployed?”

This plaintive question is one I’m asked a great deal. I’d like to give a few brief reasons you’re still unemployed.
1. You aren’t networking enough:
Almost all jobs these days are found through networking. If you’re applying through job boards, searching the internet, counting on recruiters or responding to want ads…you’re not doing enough. And, as I’ve said elsewhere, your resume is almost useless.
2. You interview poorly:
We have interviewed a few people for a job we have open (office assistant). While this is, admittedly, a lower-level position, I’m surprised and shocked at how poorly people interview. Chewing gum, not dressing for the interview, arguing, and saying what you will and won’t do, are all interview killers.
3. You are pierced:
Take out those facial piercing! Younger generation workers — this really turns off old farts like me. I won’t hire someone with a facial piercing or visible tattoo. It is unprofessional.
4. You didn’t shave:
Don’t go in with one of those “stubble beards.” Either actually have a beard or be clean-shaven. The people who are probably making the hiring decision really, really hate the three day stubble beards that are the norm among younger men.
5. You are asking too much money:
Look, there is a “great reset” going on. Salaries are lower these days. We interviewed one person for a $30K job who had been making $70K. Frankly, we’re not going to hire someone with that huge of a salary gap. It isn’t the problem of employers you have lived beyond your means. Everyone is tight these days. Don’t go asking for a large salary and tons of perks. You might well have to bite the bullet and take much less to get off of the unemployment rolls.
6. You’re very overqualified:
Realistically, I’m not going to hire someone with 10+ years of experience with a great deal of responsibility in their last job for an entry-level job. Entry-level jobs will be filled by entry-level people. All you do when you apply for these things is annoy the employer. I know you might be desperate. But it is better to consult or start your own business, than to apply for entry-level jobs. When I see someone with extensive experience applying for an intern job, I’m not even going to interview them. I know that they’ll be gone in a heartbeat if something in their field comes along, and that they won’t stay and grow with my company. I also know they’re going to second guess me, not be coachable and generally be a pain in the neck. Don’t bother to apply for these jobs.
7. You are “shotgun” applying:
I made the mistake of running an ad on one of the major job boards one time. Big mistake may be. Everyone and their sibling applied, even with 0% of the qualifications. The rule of thumb is — if you don’t have at least 60% of the qualifications called for, don’t apply. You’re wasting your time.
8. You smoke:
Many of us won’t hire smokers. The smell on their clothes drives off customers. They get sick more often. They take excessive breaks. And, frankly, it’s a filthy and disgusting habit. Quit and quit now. Your career future, not to mention your life and your health, may depend on it.
9. Your job title has disappeared:
You’re probably not going to find much in real-estate or housing now. And while Defense is currently a good industry, it is going to be cut by the current Congress, though I suspect there will always be a market for things that kill and maim. But many job titles and industries have disappeared. Some jobs are being done by robots. Others are being done by people already in the company. It might be time to go back to school or change industries.
10. Your attitude stinks:
You might be coming across as having an arrogant or generally bad attitude. If someone is not upbeat and positive, I will rapidly end the interview.
11. You are depressed:
Many people who have been laid off and can’t find work in a hurry need anti-depressants. Get on them if you need them. Just be careful which ones you use.
Some depression is normal during a time when you’ve lost your job. But if you’re always in a dark mood, crying, unmotivated and not sleeping, see your family doctor at once.
12. You are angry:
Your anger is not hurting the “jerks” that had fired you or laid you off. It is, however, killing you physically and killing your career. Get over it. Realistically, if you were fired, you most likely deserved it. If you were laid off, it was nothing personal…just a business decision. Deal with your anger before interviewing.
13. You didn’t follow the directions:
In our last job posting, we asked for a brief statement with a resume telling us why, after looking at our website, the candidate would like to work for us. Only two people even came close to following the directions! Do what you’re asked to do in the job posting or by the hiring authority. If you’re not going to do what your potential boss asks you to, you’re not going to do what he or she asks you to when you’re employed, now, are you?
14. You missed interviewing process:
We asked a candidate we liked to come to one of our events and meet our clients. She wrote us an e-mail and said she couldn’t make it, but wanted to continue to the next phase of interviewing. Well, that was the next phase of interviewing! This woman had posted she had been unemployed for two years. No wonder.
15. Ya yack too much:
More extroverts talk themselves out of jobs than into them. Shut the blank up, for crying out loud! More about your skills but never become over confident or over smart.
16. You are evasive:
If you’re asked a question, answer it. Don’t beat around the bush, and don’t give stupid canned answers. A clear example of this is the number of people who say, when asked about a weakness, “I guess I’m just too much of a self-motivated, self-starter who is too hard on himself.” Stupid answer.
17. You can’t communicate:
Don’t make the interviewer crowbar information out of you. If you can’t communicate well, you won’t get employed. If you do happen, by some miracle, to get employed, you won’t last long.
18. You are unprepared:
I’ll be very clear. If you go up against one of my highly prepared candidates, you’re going to lose and lose big. Don’t be cheap! Hire someone to help you with interviewing, networking and finding the hidden jobs.

Final words from Author:

My 10+ years corporate world’s experience says that while some people are long-term unemployed for no reason, we can usually see a reason when someone can’t seem to find a job. Those who have a great attitude and have been able to overcome depression, anger and unrealistic expectations, will usually land in a hurry. Good luck!

Friday, December 18, 2009

Expert Methods are used by Journalists To Become Popular in Social Media

There are a lot of articles out there about how to pitch journalists and build relationships with them. And now that social media is so prevalent, many PR pros wonder how it fits into the formula. An infographic from Cision has some answers. It illustrates how journalists in the U.S. use social media and view their relationships with PR pros.

For example, only 25 percent of journalists prefer to be contacted via social media. Thirty-three percent prefer the phone, and a whopping 82 percent prefer email.

But journalists do use social media for their jobs. Here's how:
Publishing: 84 percent
Sourcing: 81 percent
Networking: 80 percent
Monitoring: 73 percent
Verifying: 64 percent
Here is an infographic to describe works of journalist in Social media 
If you're looking to catch a journalist on social media and want to know when he or she will be online, know that 55 percent of journalists spend 1-2 hours per work day on social media. Only 19 percent spend 2-4 hours on social media per work day, and 10 percent spend no time on social media at all while at work.

Friday, July 7, 2006

Top Secret to Become a Journalist in India and Pay scale

Journalist is such a professional whose demand graph has risen in the recent past with the same pace as the graph of the world stock markets has fallen. If one is looking for excitement, prestige, glamour and money and much more in a single profession then journalism is one such profession.

The Swedish journalist and author Terese Cristiansson, giving a speech (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

With his sincere efforts a journalist can make a qualitative change in the society, bringing into light the shady side of the society which is not much known to the general public. He has the patience to get along with politicians, bureaucrats and criminals to get their view and bring them to the public. If a person has all those virtues that enable to do him all these works at odd hours then Journalism is one of the best careers to pursue. With a lot of freedom given to the media all over the world it is only those professional that can work with full authority and can bring to the forefront any kind of misdeeds happening anywhere in the world. Mean while this is the medium which can help the administration a lot by brining genuine problem of the society in front of the government agencies and on the other side it can put brake to the misuse of the power by government officials by bringing that into people’s knowledge.

Eligibility to become a Journalist

Although anyone who have the instinct of journalism can become a journalist .But to have full hold on the area of work and to get some kind of acknowledgement of one’s work one should have minimum amount of formal education of the field he is working in. So we can say that desirable qualification for becoming a successful journalist is as follows

1. Educational Qualification
  1. Pass in Senior Secondary Examination (10+2) or equivalent recognized examination in any stream.
  2. Graduation in any stream is the most preferred qualification for joining courses to be a journalist

How to become a Journalist?

To become a journalist one has to follow the below given steps:-

Step 1
  1. After doing 10+2 class one has to join diploma course offered by many universities .Aspirants can take admission on the bases of marks in the qualifying exams or by clearing the entrance tests taken by some universities/institutions.
  2. Graduates of any stream can opt for post-graduate degree or diploma in Journalism or Mass Communication. Admission to these courses are given by way of common entrances test taken by various university and independent institutions. 
Step 2

In these courses candidates are given thorough knowledge in different writing styles in reporting - news, features, reviews etc. General knowledge is also imparted on paragraphing, writing an introduction for a lead story or an anchor, script writing for radio or television. Students are also prepared for the rough road of actual news hunting in these courses

After successful completion of the course students are required to undergo internship with a newspaper or television house to have firsthand knowledge of real reporting scenes. This training is compulsory and now forms an important part of the practical training. This gives you a fair idea of the real reporting scene.

Step 3
After completing the required course and imparting himself with the necessary practical training students can join the filed in any of the following ways
  1. Join a newspaper house.
  2. Joining a news agency
  3. Joining Govt. Sector in Indian Information Service or the different State Government information services, 
  1. In a newspaper house fresh pass outs usually join as trainees at the news desk or the editing desk. After a couple of years, they get transferred to reporting.
  2. Some people join straightaway as trainee reporter also.

Journalist Job Description

Journalist job involve looking for news and unearthing the truth behind those news and bring that to the notice of public. Besides their job also include writing articles, features, editorials and analysis of various events that interest general public.

Journalist Salary

On an average one can earn anything between Rs.15,000 to Rs.20,000 per month along with other benefits after joining a newspaper house however it depends upon various newspaper house and capabilities of the journalists.

Working for a news agency is slightly different because of the tougher deadlines. The ABC of news agency reporting seeks accuracy, brevity and clarity. The formal of writing is very straight forward and to the point and does not allow any scope for speculation or analysis within the news story.
Agencies like Press Trust of India (PTI) and United News of India(UNI) are 24 hours open without any holidays throughout the year

Salary of Journalists joining News Agency

On an average one can earn anything between Rs.20,000 - Rs.25,000 per month along with other benefits after joining a news agency however there is no upper limit of the income in news agency one can earn as much as he could it depends upon one’s capabilities.

3. Joining Government sector
One can join at different levels in the Indian Information Service or the different State Government information services.

Salary of Journalist working  in Government sector

In Government sector an account gets anywhere near Rs.15,000 to Rs.20,000 per month but to compensate for lower monetary gains government provides with various other emoluments like free housing, medical expenses and above all job security. And the advantage that attracts most towards is that one gets the Authority of being in the government position.

Journalist Career Prospect

Ladder of hierarchy for journalist/reporter is
  • Trainee
  • Staff reporter correspondent,
  • Principal reporter/ senior reporter/ correspondent,
  • Chief reporter and special representative/ correspondent.

Monday, July 4, 2005

Unhappy People around the globe and Habits Fixing for lives

We all suffer from unhappy times, but not everyone is ‘unhappy’ with life in general. There is a big difference between feeling unhappy and being unhappy, and it is often created through our own actions.Take a look at the list below. These are some common habits of unhappy people. Chances are even the happiest of folks can find one or two of these habits in their own daily lives, and they may be hindering an opportunity for even more happiness.

Unhappy People around the globe and Habits Fixing for lives

“Ego says, ‘Once everything falls into place, I’ll feel peace.’ Spirit says, ‘Find your peace, and then everything will fall into place.’” ~Marianne Williamson 

Have you ever felt that something was missing in your life? 

Who am I kidding, everyone has. I used to be unhappy. But not just unhappy—miserable. I’d look at other people and wonder what they had that I didn’t. I was sick of living my life. And being sick of it was the tipping point that changed it all. It’s what got me moving in the direction of what made my heart sing. As I moved forward, I discovered that what was making me miserable wasn’t outside of me, but the habits I had built up over the years. I’d like to share with you what those habits were, and how I overcame them.

 1. Waiting for clarity. I thought that in order to do what I loved and be happy, I had to know where I was going. Turns out that was a mirage. It was a thought that I believed. When I took action despite feeling confused, and simply did my best, I discovered that I could always take one step forward, clarity or no clarity. It was like walking in a heavy fog. As long as I kept moving forward, more of my path revealed itself. But if I stood still, nothing would happen.

Fix: Don’t wait for clarity. Listen to your heart, and take one tiny step forward. It doesn’t have to be perfect.

2. Seeking permission from others. I wanted others to tell me I was on the right track. The more I did this, the emptier I felt inside. Why? Because I was giving my power away. Instead of listening to my own guidance system, I was relying on someone else. It was confusing and disempowering. I’ve never had an easy time just trusting life. I worry a lot. But over the years, I’ve realized that trusting myself is the only way toward living a fulfilling life. Once I stopped trying to seek permission, or figure things out, my inner wisdom grew stronger, because it was no longer clouded by thoughts.

 Fix: Don’t look to someone else for validation for your dreams. Go after what makes you come alive. That’s enough.

 3. Hoping for future salvation. Another unhelpful habit I have is living in the future, thinking that reaching my goals will make me happier. However, I’ve noticed that once again, this is just a thought that I give power to. I’ve also noticed that I’ve reached plenty of goals that I thought would make me happy, but didn’t. Like me, you’ve probably heard the following phrase over and over again: “Happiness comes from the inside. It’s available right here, right now.” For a long time, I wondered, “That’s all fine and good, but how do I use that in my life?”

 The answer was to witness my thoughts, and let them pass by. I don’t have to believe in every thought that tells me that the future holds the key to my happiness. Once I let those thoughts pass, I notice that there’s a source of joy within, always available to me. Fix: When you find yourself living in the future, just notice what you’re doing. Let go of the tendency and observe what’s going on. This is a practice, so don’t worry if you don’t get it perfect.

 4. Wanting to take big leaps. When I get caught up in thinking that the future will save me, I want to take big leaps. I want to hurry to my goal. Yet this behavior makes reaching my goal less likely. It introduces sloppiness into my work. It produces an aroma of selfishness. But, if I let things take their time, and if I let those thoughts pass, there’s a sense of peace. As I write this, I’m not in a hurry. I sense the wanting to finish, but I witness it. I don’t get involved. Then I return my focus to writing, and letting the words flow on paper. And my soul smiles. My heart nods. My breath deepens. I remember: “This is it. This is life.”

 Fix: Big leaps assume that happiness is in the future. Take a deep breath. Notice how much happiness is available right now. No big leaps needed, just a remembering of who you are.

Common Habits of Unhappy People: Aspiring for Perfection – 

This unexplained obsession with being perfect has taken over many people’s lives. It is as if people believe that everything has to be perfect in order for them to be happy, but what exactly does perfect mean? When you set the bar too high the only thing you are going to achieve is a loss of self-esteem, and a feeling of failure. It is time to accept that perfect doesn’t happen, it doesn’t exist, and it is not a realistic goal for your life. How to Change This: In order to change the habit of aspiring for perfection we must first understand what our view of perfection actually is. Do you see perfection as a nice house?

A certain career?
A person, place or thing? Once you see what it is you are longing for you can begin to compromise with yourself. Do you truly need that five bedroom home to be happy? What in your life is perfect (to you) right now? You must give yourself credit for all the things you have accomplished so far, and realize that there are others around you that probably long for what you have. When you accept that nothing is perfect it becomes easier to accept ‘as close as you can get‘. Tell yourself regularly that you are proud of the things you have accomplished; grateful for all that you have in your life, and accept that you are doing the best that you can. Set realistic goals for yourself that are focused on your own happiness, not what you believe happiness is in society, magazines, or media. Taking time to reflect on what you ‘need’ as opposed to what you ‘want’ will help you to see that perfection is an illusion that truly doesn’t exist. It always helps me to remember that even the riches of walls have their secrets; even the happiest of families have their tears.

 The Big Bully Mindset – 
It is an unfortunate fact that media and society have not caught up to the truth behind happiness. What we see, read, and hear has a huge impact on how we think, and it is because of these false ideals that we tend to have a Bully Mindset inside of us that easily takes over our thoughts. Hand-in-hand with our obsession for perfection, we tend to talk ourselves down on a regular basis. It may not be a conscious act, and most of the time we are probably unaware that it is even happening but living in a sea negative thoughts is the fastest way to sink the ship. How to Change This: The good news is, despite the fact that it takes time and effort, this is one of the easiest habits to break. That is because it is all up to you, and requires no outside help. So how do you do it? Well, you start by bragging. Yup, it’s that simple. Next time you are out at a party or event and someone compliments you, accept it. When asked what you do, or what you have been up to lately, brag a bit. There is no need to go overboard, but pointing out your achievements to others is a great way to feel good about yourself. Another step in breaking this bad habit is to replace all of your negative thoughts with positive ones immediately. Every time you think something that is negative, or questionable even, replace it with something positive. For example: I had a co-worker that annoyed me to know end. Each time she would come over to my desk I would immediately think to myself ‘Oh Great, What drama is she here about now?‘ This started every interaction we had off on a negative note. I took a look at what I was doing and decided it needed to change, not so much because I wanted to like this woman, but because I want to be in control of my thoughts and I want to invite positivity into my life. These types of thoughts allow negativity to sneak in, and often times they quickly take over other areas. The next time this co-worker came to my desk I stopped myself from those negative thoughts and replaced them with a compliment. ‘That’s a nice sweater she is wearing.’ or ‘She did a great job on her presentation yesterday.’ I even shared these thoughts with her on occasion and I discovered something very interesting; not only did my negative thoughts about her disappear altogether, but our communication actually improved. Months later while our work group was out for a few drinks to celebrate a success, she confessed to me that she had suffered from depression and low self-esteem. She thanked me for being kind, and treating her with respect. She explained that many others in the office hadn’t and she said she really appreciated my kindness. She told me that it was partly because of my listening and encouragement that she felt better now than she had in a long time. She thanked me for being her friend, and I thanked her for being mine.

 I felt amazing; changing my thoughts had helped change someone else’s life, without any intention what-so-ever. Constant Crushing Comparisons – I am not sure where this need to ‘keep up with the Joneses’ originates from, but it is hurting people more than it is helping. So many of us suffer from this constant need to compare ourselves to others. Comparisons of any kind will not get you what you ‘need’ in life, in fact, it may be the opposite. When we are constantly comparing ourselves to others we are not taking note of what we currently have, nor what we truly need. This is a very common behavior and it occurs daily whether we are aware of it or not. We compare jobs, houses, clothes, physical attributes, shoes, relationships, social status, even our children with other people around us. Through these constant comparisons you are beating yourself up, and breaking yourself down. You are failing to recognize all the things you do have in your life because you are blinded by what everyone else has in their lives.
How to Change This: In order to change this destructive behavior you are going to need to constantly remind yourself of all that you have to be thankful for, and replace it with another, more positive behavior. You should begin with comparing yourself to no one but yourself. When you feel envious of others look at all the things that you have accomplished in the last year, two years, ten years, and compare yourself to that. Even if you are struggling more now then you were five years ago chances are you have learned more, and gained more over the time. Do look to others for fulfillment, look within yourself. Another replacement to practice is to be kind. Volunteer, give someone a compliment, or lend a helping hand. When we help others, and are kind to others, we tend to be easier on ourselves. It may also help you in other areas, when we realize that there is always someone who is worse off, just as much as there is always someone who is better off than we are, we start to appreciate all the wonderful things we do have in life. If people who have less than you can be happy and thankful, so can you.
The Then and When Complex – So many people spend their lives stuck in either the past or the future instead of living in the moment. When you are focused on the past, the good old days, or the what ifs you are missing out on the memories you could be making right now. The same goes for the future, when we live our life planning for tomorrow we are doomed to wake up and realize that today has passed without action. How To Change This: This is an important habit to break, and it is not an easy one. We all love to relive our youth and get lost in our memories, but there is a fine line between reliving and ‘dwelling’. The same goes for planning the future, we know that we have to have a plan, but it is important that we do not waste today thinking of tomorrow. So how do you find balance?

Many different ways. If you are the type that is stuck in the positive aspects of the past, it is imperative that you assess what it is that you are avoiding now. Once you look at what you loved about then, and what about it is lacking now you can start incorporating that aspect into your current life. If you are the type that is stuck in the negative aspects of the past, or the what ifs, it is important that you learn to let go, and accept that what if is nothing more than an excuse to escape. When we break the chains that bind us to the past we can finally be free to live in the moment. Accept whatever negative thing happened as a lesson and use it as fuel to move forward with your life right now. Take note and avoid making the same mistake again, chances are that once you let it go you will realize how much stronger it has made you. For those who are caught up in planning the future you must realize that while having a plan is a positive thing, it is not written in stone. Make a plan, write it down, create a timeline if you wish, but accept that things will change and enjoy them when they do. If you are the ‘planning type’ then use that to your advantage right now and plan your day, plan ways to enjoy your life at this moment, and allow happiness to take you where it will. Vow to create your plan and reassess it every six months, making necessary changes that suit the situation you are currently in.
 Obsessing Over Image –
 The teenage girl inside of us is always curious about what other people think. It is when that curiosity begins to control our actions that this behavior becomes a bad habit of unhappy people. How to Change This: There is a Dr. Seuss quote that reads, “Be who you are and say what you feel because those who mind don’t matter and those who matter don’t mind.” This became my personal motto may years ago, and I have never been happier. The constant need to know what other people think about us is not something that is only common among high-school kids, business, blogs, and social media are built on this very foundation. Constant concern with what others will think about us, the way we look, or the things we do puts extreme limitations on our lives. When you are always thinking about what others think you are less likely to try new things, and step outside the box you have created for yourself in the minds of others. The truth is, there are a few truths when it comes to what other people think. No matter what you do there are always going to be people who have something to say about it, people who don’t agree with it, and people who just plain don’t like you. Don’t let the thoughts of others become your reality, do what you want because you want to. Secondly, odds are the way people are interacting with you, the way you feel they think of you, is probably more a reflection of themselves and what is going on in their own lives. We get so personal regarding other people’s actions that we tend to act like mind readers.

Why should you even care what someone else thinks about you, or what you are doing? If it is making you happy, if it feels right, what they think should not matter. It may sound simple, but the fact is, it is. Chaos Through Created Complications – Life is stressful, that is a fact that cannot be changed. Although, chances are if you were to consider the amount of stress in your life with an open mind you would find that a great deal of it is self-created. This may sound harsh, but much of the things we stress about are created by us alone, and not even worth the effort we use to worry.
How to Change This: I saw a great picture the other day that said: “If you can change it, there is no reason to worry about it. If you cannot change it, there is no reason to worry about it.” How true are those words when you really think about it? How much time do we spend stressing about things that we do not need to? How often do we get ourselves worked up for no reason at all? In modern life we have this overactive worry gland inside us that causes us to create complications that aren’t even there. We do this by taking on too many tasks at once, wasting worry on things we cannot control, and trying to please everyone all the time. In order to change this habit we have to simply let go, and let be.

 When you are feeling overwhelmed by everything that needs to be done, let go and delegate tasks to someone else. When you are constantly worried about something, let go and realize that it will either change or it won’t (repeat the quote above). When you are stressed about pleasing others and you are creating problems where there are none (this is especially common in relationships) let go and please yourself. If there are issues you have with another person, simply ask and don’t try to work it out yourself. Let it go. These are not necessarily habits of ‘unhappy’ people, but allowing them to become routine and not making a conscious effort to change them is likely to lead to unhappiness in some aspect of your life. Even people who are considered happy and fulfilled will find they have a number of these habits. It is not something to dwell on or feel bad about, but rather a direction to focus your energy and efforts for improvement.

Wednesday, July 14, 2004

Person Those Are First In the World

There are millions of task and inventions are done by the human and people forget them along with their tasks but some are really memoarble.Here we have listed 75 such memorable Person, Those Are First In the World .
  1. The first persons to reach Mount Everest – Sherpa Tenzing, Edmund Hillary
  2. The first person to reach North Pole – Robert Peary
  3. The first person to reach South Pole – Amundsen
  4. The first religion of the world – Hinduism
  5. The first country to print book – China
  6. The first country to issue paper currency – China
  7. The first country to commence competitive examination in civil services – China
  8. The first President of the U.S.A – George Washington
  9. The first Prime Minister of Britain – Robert Walpole
  10. The first Governor General of the United Nations – Trigveli (Norway)
  11. The first country to prepare a constitution – U.S.A
  12. The first Governor General of Pakistan – Mohd. Ali Jinnah
  13. The first country to host NAM summit – Belgrade (Yugoslavia)
  14. The first European to attack India – Alexander, The Great
  15. The first European to reach China – Marco Polo
  16. The first person to fly aeroplane – Wright Brothers
  17. The first person to sail round the world – Magellan
  18. The first country to send man to the moon – U.S.A
  19. The first country to launch Artificial satellite in the space – Russia
  20. The first country to host the modern Olympics – Greece
  21. First human in space - Yuri Gagarin (Russia)
  22. The first city on which the atom bomb was dropped – Hiroshima (Japan)
  23. The first person to land on the moon Neil Armstrong followed by – Edwin E. Aldrin
  24. The first shuttle to go in space – Columbia
  25. The first spacecraft to reach on Mars – Viking-I
  26. The first woman Prime Minister of England – Margaret Thatcher
  27. The first Muslim Prime Minister of a country – Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan)
  28. The first woman to climb Mount Everest – Mrs. Junko Tabei (Japan)
  29. The first woman cosmonaut of the world – Valentina Tereshkova (Russia)
  30. The first woman President of the U.N. General Assembly – Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  31. The first batsman to score three test century in three successive tests on debut – Mohd. Azharuddin
  32. The first man to have climbed Mount Everest twice – Nawang Gombu
  33. The first U.S. President to resign Presidency – Richard Nixon
  34. Chinese Traveller to India – Fahein
  35. Foreign Invader to India – Alexander the Great
  36. Person in Space – Yuri Gagarin
  37. Person on Moon – Neil Armstrong
  38. The first woman to climb Mount Everest – Junko Taibei
  39. The first European to visit China – Marco Polo
  40. Man to walk in Space – Alexei Leonov
  41. The first woman Prime Minister of a country – Mrs. Srimavo Bhandarnaike
  42. The first woman President of a country – Maria Estela Peron
  43. The first woman to Command a Space Mission Colonel – Eileen Collins (U.S.A.)
  44. First talkie movie in the world – “The jazz Singer” (1927).
  45. The first residents of International Space station – Bill Shepherd (USA), Yuri Gidzanko and Sergei Krikalev (Russia)
  46. The first blind man to scale Mt. Everest – Erik Weihenmayer (USA, May 25, 2001)
  47. The first Muslim woman to become the Secretary General of Amnesty International – lrine Zubeida Khan
  48. The first space astronaut to go into space seven times till date – Jerry Ross (U.S.A.)
  49. The first South African to become the second space tourist – Mark Shuttleworth
  50. The first woman Prime Minister of South Korea – Ms. Chang Sang
  51. The first youngest grandmaster of the world in chess – Sergey Karjakin (Ukraine)
  52. The first adventurer flying successfully across the English Channel without aircraft – Felix Baumgartner (July 2003)
  53. China's first man in space – Yang Liwei
  54. The first Muslim woman to receive Nobel Prize – Shirin Ebadi (Nobel Peace Prize 2003)
  55. The woman with the highest individual Test score making a new world record – Kiran Baloch (Pakistani cricketer, scoring 242 runs playing women's cricket test against West Indies in Karachi in March, 2004)
  56. The first woman of the world to climb Mt. Everest four times – Lakpa Sherpa (Nepali)
  57. The first woman to cross seven important seas of the world by swimming – Bula Chaudhury (India)
  58. First Asian city to host Olympics – Tokyo, Japan (1964)
  59. First woman black tennis player to win a singles title at Wimbledon – A Gibson (1957)
  60. First woman to win a Grand Slam – Maureen Catherine (1953)
  61. First woman to win an Olympic Gold Medal – Charlotte Cooper, UK, Tennis singles (1900)
  62. First professional woman bullfighter – Patricia Mccormick (1952)
  63. First man to fly solo non stop across the Atlantic – Charles Lindbergh (1927)
  64. First person to cross Antarctic Circle – James Cook (1773)
  65. First people to reach the North Pole – Lt Col. Joseph O. Fletcher and Lt. William P. Benedict (1952)
  66. First person to conquer the Everest twice – Nawang Gombu Sherpa(1965)
  67. First person with only one arm to climb the Everest – American Gary Guller(2003)
  68. First woman to fly solo around the world – jerrie Fredritz Mock.(1964)
  69. First woman to fly solo across the English Channel – Hariiet Quimby
  70. First ascent of Everest without bottled oxygen – Peter Habeler (Austria) and Reinhold Messner, (Italy)(1978)
  71. First woman to set foot on North Pole – Ann Bancroft, USA (1986) Jointly developed by Sony and Philips (1978)
  72. First Atom Bomb – “Little Boy” dropped over Hiroshima by the US during the second world war (1945)
  73. First manned space vehicle – Vostok 1,USSR (1961)
  74. First human to walk on the Moon – Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11(1969)
  75. First human to walk in space – Alexei Arkhovich Leonov (1965)

Tuesday, July 13, 2004

Must Visit Once Memorable Places In India In Lifetime

There are thousands of cities, towns and villages in India and each of them carries some specialty but Must Visit Once Memorable Places In India In Lifetime.
Abu, Mount (Rajasthan): Hill station in Rajasthan; contains famous Dilwara Jain Temple and Training College for the Central Reserve Police.
Adam’s Bridge: Very nearly joined to India between two point’s viz. Mannar Peninsula and Dhanushkodi by a line of sand banks and rocks called Adam’s Bridge.
Adyar (Tamil Nadu): A Suburb of Chennai, headquarters of the Theosophical Society.
Afghan Church (Mumbai): It is built in 1847 known as St. John’s Church. It is dedicated to the British soldiers who died in the Sind and Afghan campaign of 1838 and 1843.
Aga Khan Palace: In Pune where Mahatma Gandhi was kept interned with his wife Kasturba Gandhi. Kasturbha died in this palace.
Agra (Uttar Pradesh): Famous for Taj Mahal, Fort and Pearl mosque. Sikandra, the tomb of Akbar, is situated here. It is also a centre of leather industry.
Ahmednagar (Maharashtra): It was founded by Ahmed Nizam Shahi. It is the district headquarters of Ahmednagar district. It is an industrial town well known for its handloom and small scale industries.
Ahmadabad (Gujarat): Once capital of Gujarat. A great cotton textile centre of India. Anti-reservation riots rocked the city in April 1985.
Ajmer (Rajasthan): It has Mayo College and the tomb of Khwaja Moinud-din Chishti, which is a pilgrim centre for Muslims; Pushkar Lake, a place of Hindu pilgrimage, is about two miles from here.
Aliabet: Is the site of India’s first off-shore oil well-nearly 45 km from Bhavnagar in Gujarat State. On March 19, 1970, the Prime Minister of India set a 500-tonne rig in motion to inaugurate “Operation Leap Frog” at Aliabet.
Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh): Seat of Muslim University, manufacture locks, scissors, knives and dairy products.
Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh): A famous and important place of pilgrimage for Hindus, confluence of three revers-Ganges, Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati. It is the seat of a University and trading centre.
Alandi (Maharashtra): Popularly called ‘Devachi Alandi’ is hallowed by the association of saint Dhyaneshwar the author of ‘Dhyaneshwari’ who lived and attained Samadhi here at the age of twntyone. Two fairs are held annually one on Ashadha Ekadasi and the other Karthikai Ekadasi.
Amber Palace: Deserted capital near Jaipur (Rajasthan) containing the finest specimens of Rajput architecture.
Almora (Uttaranchal): This city is one the Kashaya hill. The clean and majestic view of the Himalayan Peak is breath catching. The woolen shawl of Almora is very famous in the region. It is a good hill resort.
Amarnath (Kashmir): 28 miles from Pahalgam, and is a famous pilgrim centre of Hindus.
Amboli (Maharashtra): Nestling in the ranges of Sahyadri, Amboli is a beautiful mountain resort in Ratnagiri district. The climate is cool and refreshing; and ideal place for holiday.
Amritsar (Punjab): A border town in the Punjab, sacred place for Sikhs (Golden Temple), scene of Jallianwala Bagh tragedy in April 1919. The 400th anniversary of Amritsar was celebrated with great gusto in October 1977. The city was founded by Guru Ram Dass.
Arikkamedu (Puducherry): It is one of the archaeological places. It describes the relationship between Tamils and Romes (Yavanas) for trade purpose.
Arvi (Maharashtra): Near Pune, India’s first satellite communication centre has been located here.
Ashoka Pillar (Madhya Pradesh): It was erected by Emperor Ashoka. It is now the official symbol of Modern India and the symbol is four back-to-back lions. In the lower portion of the column are representation of a lion, elephant, horse and bull. The pillar stands about 20 m high.
Aurangabad (Maharashtra): It is one of the important towns in Maharashtra. Tomb of Emperor Aurangzeb and his attract many tourists. Ellora and Ajanta caves are reached from here.
Auroville (Punducherry): It is an international township constructed near Pondicherry with the help of UNESCO.
Avadi: Situated at Chennai in Tamil Nadu, it is known for the government-owned Heavy Vehicles Factory. Vijayanta and Ajit tanks are manufactured here.
Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh): Birth place of Rama is situated on the banks of the river Gogwa. The famous ‘Babri Masjid’ built on the birth place of Rama by the Mughal rulers in 15th century has been taken over by the Hindus after 400 years.

Badrinath (Uttarakhand): It is a place of pilgrimage noted for the temple of Lord Vishnu for the Hindus, near Gangotri Glacier in Himalayas.

Bahubali (Maharashtra): A pilgrim center for jains, of both Svetambar and Digambar Jains; there is a giant idol of Shree Bahubali the son of Bhagwan Adinath, the first Tirthankar.
Bangalore (Karnataka): It is the capital city of Karnataka State and an important industrial centre. The places worth-seeing are Vidhan Saudha, Lal Bagh gardens, etc. The BHEL, HAL, IIM are situated here.
Barauni (North Bihar): Famous for a big oil refinery.
Bardoli (Gujarat): Bardoli in Gujarat State has occupied a permanent place in Indian History for no-tax payment campaign launched by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel against the British rule.
Baroda (Gujarat): Baroda, (Vadodara) the capital of former Baroda State is one of the main towns in Gujarat State. Laxmi Vilas Palace is a tourist attraction.
Belur (West Bengal): Near Calcutta, famous for a monastery founded by Swami Vivekananda; a beautiful temple dedicated to Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa. It is also known for paper industry. There is another place of the same name in Karnataka, it is a famous pilgrim centre known for Channa Keshava Temple.
Belgaum (Karnataka): It is a border town in Karnataka State. It has remained a place of dispute between Maharashtra and Karnataka States.
Bhakhra (Punjab): It is a village in Punjab State where the Bhakra Dam has been constructed across the river Sutlej in a natural gorge just before the river enters the plains 80 km upstream Ropar.
Bhilai (Chhattisgarh): It is known for the gigantic steel plants set up with the help of Russian Engineers.
Bhimashankar (Maharashtra): One of the five Jyothirlingas in Maharashtra is at Bhimashankar. The beautiful Shiva temple here was constructed by Nana Parnavis the ancient statesman of the Peshwas.
Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh): Capital of Madhya Pradesh. MIC gas leaked out from the Union Carbide factory in December 1984, and more than 3000 persons died. It was the worst industrial disaster in the world.
Bhubaneswar (Orissa): It is the capital city of Orissa. Lingaraja Temple is worth-seeing.
Bijapur (Karnataka): It was the capital of old Adil Shahi Sultan of Bijapur. Gol Gumbaz, the biggest tomb in India constructed here, is called the whispering gallery. The town is rich with the remains of palaces, mosques and tombs.
Bodh Gaya (Bihar): It is situated six miles south of Gaya in Bihar State. Gautama Budha attained enlightenment in a full moon light in the month of Baisakha under the peepal tree.
Bokaro (Jharkhand): The fourth and the biggest steel plant are here.
Buland Darwaza (Uttar Pradesh): It is the Gateway of Fatehpur-Sikri built by Akbar. This is the highest and the greatest gateway in India. It was erected to commemorate the victorious campaign of Akbar in the Deccan in 1602 A.D.
Bull Temple (Karnataka): It is situated near Bugle Hill, with a height of 6.2 m (20ft) high stone monolith Nandi Bull. The Bull is carved out of a single stone.
Chandernagore (West Bengal): Situated on the river Hooghly. It was previously a French settlement. Now it has been merged with the Indian Union.
Chennai (capital of Tamilnadu): It is the third largest city in India. Known for Fort St. George, Light-house, St Thomas Mount, and Integral Coach Factory.
Chandigarh (Punjab & Haryana): Chadigarh the joint capital of the States of Punjab and Haryana is a planned and beautiful city. It is situated at the foot of the Himalayas. It was designed by Mont Corbusier.
Cherrapunji (Meghalaya): It is the place of heaviest rainfall. It receives 426” of rain yearly.
Chidambaram (Meghalaya): It is a town in South Arcot district of Tamil Nadu. It is famous for its great Hindu Siva Temple dedicated to Lord ‘Nataraja’, the cosmic dancer. It is the seat of ‘Annamalai University’ founded in 1929. The name of the town comes from Tamil ‘Chit’ plus ‘Ambalam’- the atmosphere of wisdom.
Chilka Lake (Orissa): It is the Queen of Natural Scenery in Orissa, though separated from the Bay of Bangal by a long strip of sandy ridge, exchanges water with the sea. It is an excellent place for fishing and duck shooting.
Chittaranjan (West Bengal): It is famous for locomotive works. Railway engines are manufactured here.
Chittorgarh (Rajasthan): It was once the capital of Udaipur. It is known for the Tower of Victory built by Rana Kumbha and Mira Bai Temple.
Chowpathy Beach (Mumbai): A popular beach with Lokmanya Tilak and Vallabhbhai Patel statues where the political meetings for freedom struggle took place, now the coconut day celebration and Ganesh immersion take place.
Chusul (Ladakh): It is situated in Ladakh at a height of about 14,000 feet. Chusul is perhaps the highest aerodrome in India.
Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu): It is famous for Textile Industry. Government of India Forest College is situated here.
Courtallam (Tamil Nadu): Adjoining Tenkasi and 3 miles south is a common man’s health resort. Famous for its waterfall and a good summer resort.
Cuttack (Orissa): It is the oldest town and once upon a time the capital of Orissa during the medieval period to the end of the British rules. The city is noted for fine ornamental work of gold & silver.
Dakshineswar (Kolkata): It is at a distance of about five miles from Calcutta where Swami Vivekananda was initiated into religious life by Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa.

Dalal Street: Stock exchange Market in Mumbai.

Dalmianagar (Jharkhand): Cement manufacturing.
Dandi (Gujarat): It is famous for Salt Satyagraha (Dandi March) staged by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.
Darjeeling (West Bengal): Famous for tea, orange and cinchona, fine hill station, famous for its scenic beauty.
Daulatabad (Maharashtra): The fort previously called Devagiri is believed to have constructed by the Yadava Kings in 1338. The fort is very impregnable.
Dayalbagh (Uttar Pradesh): Near Agra; known for Dayalbagh Industrial Institute, shoe manufacture. Religious and cultural seat of a section of the Hindus.
Dehu (Maharashtra): Dehu, a town on the banks of the river Indrayani is the birth place of the famous saint-poet Tukaram whose ‘Abhangas’ have a pride of place in Marathi literature.
Dehradun (Uttarakhand): It is the gateway to the Garhwal Himachal such as Badrinath and Joshimath. The Forest Research Institute is situated here.
Delhi: India’s capital. The Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, The Qutub Minar, the Rajghat (Mahatma Gandhi’s Samadhi), the Humayun’s tomb, Shanti Van (where Prime Minister Nehru was cremated), are located here. It established by Tomaras in 736 A.D.
Dhanbad (Jharkhand): Famous for coal mines and the Indian School of Mines, National Fuel Research Institute.
Dhariwal (Punjab): It is famous for woolen goods.
Dibrugarh (Assam): It is a town in Assam and the Terminus of rail and river communications along the Brahmaputra from Calcutta.
Digboi (Assam): It is known for its oil-fields and oil refinery. It is one of the oldest oil refineries which is still operative in the world.
Dilwara Temples (Rajasthan): It is near Mt. Abu. There are five Hindu Temples constructed here between 11th and 13 Century A.D.
Dindigul (Tamli Nadu): It is famous for cigar, tobacco and locks.
Dum Dum (Kolkata): It is a famous Air Port and Government Arsenal.
Durgapur: In West Bengal in known for a gigantic steel plant set up here with the help of British Engineers.
Dwaraka (Gujarat): It is one of the seven most important places of Hindu pilgrimage. Krishna the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu made Dwaraka as his centre to recapture Mathura.
Eagle’s Nest: It is the name given to the historic fort at Rajgarh in the Kolaba district of Maharashtra where, 3000 years ago, Chhatarpati Shivaji, the great warrior-statesman, was crowned.
Elephanta Caves (Maharashtra): Situated in an island 15 miles from Mumbai famous for the statues of Shiva and Parvati. The most striking statue of Trimurti, Shiva in three moods as the Creator, the Destroyer and the Preserver.
Ellora and Ajanta (Maharashtra): It is in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra State. The Buddhist cave temples richly ornamented with sculpture and carved with paintings of exceptional skill attract many tourists.
Ernakulam (Kerala): The back-waters in Ernakulam are a tourist attraction. The Central Institute of Fisheries Technology is situated here.
Faridabad (Haryana): It is an industrial township situated at about 18 miles from Delhi.
Fatehpur Sikri (Uttar Pradesh): It was once the capital of the Mughal Empire. This city was built by Emperor Akbar in 1569. It is now in a deserted condition.
Ferozabad (Uttar Pradesh): Noted for glass bangle industry.
Gateway of India (Mumbai): It is in Mumbai harbor erected in 1911 on King George V’s visit to India.
Gangotri (Uttarakhand): This is the source of the holy Ganges. The tiny village has the temple of the Goddess Ganga on the banks of the Bhagirathi River, which eventually becomes the holy Ganges.
Gaumuka (Uttarakhand): Guamukh the actual source of the river is at the base of the Bhagirathi peaks. The glaciers of Gangotri which is 24 km long, ends at Gaumukh where the Bhagirathi river finally appers.
Gazipur (U.P.): Known for the government opium factory.
Gaya (Bihar): It is the place where Lord Buddha got enlightenment. It is a pilgrimage centre not only for the Buddhists but also for the Hindus. Hindus from all over the country come here to make offerings and pray for the salvation of their ancestors.
Gilgit (Kashmir): It is now under the illegal occupation of Pakistan. Ii is of great strategic importance.
Golconda (Hyderabad): It is an ancient city of India situated about 7 miles west of Hyderabad. Formerly there was a diamond mine.
Golconda Fort (Andhra Pradesh): The historical fort is well praised in the literature, prose and poetry. Golconda was the capital of Qutub Shahi Sultans who ruled Deccan from 1518 to 1687 A.D.
Golden Temple (Punjab): It is a sacred place of the Sikhs in Amritsar.
Gol Gumbaz (Karnataka): It is the biggest dome in India.
Gomateswara (Karnataka): This is a 2,000 year old and very high statue of a Jain sage, carved out of a single stone.
Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh): The famous temple of Gorakhpur is here which specializes in publishing Hindu religious literature.
Guntur (Andhra Pradesh): It is a centre of cotton and tobacco production in Andhra Pradesh.
Gulbarga (Karnataka): It was the capital of Bahmani Kingdom. Its fort is a remarkable building with 15 towers, within the fort is a large mosque built on the model of the famous mosques of Cordoba in Spain.
Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh): Situated in M.P. is famous for Rani Lakshmi Bai’s Chaatri and Tansen’s tomb.

Haldighat (Uttar Pradesh): A famous mountain passes where rana Pratap fought Mughal forces led by Man Singh and Asaf Khan.

Hampi (Karnataka): In Karnataka State is the location of ruins of Vijaynagar. The capital of famous Vijaynagar Empire.
Hardwar (UttaraKhand): It is at the base of the Siwalik Hills, where the Ganges River coming down from the Himalayas passes and enters the plains. The Daksha Mahadev Temple, 4 km downstreams in Hardwar is the most important temple.
Hirakud (Orissa): Twenty six kilometers from one end to the other on the river Mahanadi is Hirakud the longest mainstream dam in the world.
Howrah Bridge (Kolkata): A cantilever spans bridge over river Hoogly connecting Howrah and Kolkata.
Hyderabad-Secunderabad: Twin city capital of Andhra Pradesh. It is on the banks of the river ‘Musi’ and famous for Salarjung museum- one of the best in Asia. It is also a famous communication centre in India as it is centrally situated. Charminar built in 1591 is located here.
Imphal (Manipur): Situated in the north-east frontier, is the capital of Manipur state on the border of India ans Myanmar (Burmah). Famous for handloom industry and the Manipuri dance.
Ita Nagar (Arunachal Pradesh): The capital of Arunachal Pradesh is a tropical forest region in the foothills surrounded with wild mountain stream and placid lakes with abundant opportunities for river rafting, boating and trekking.
India Gate (New Delhi): A memorial in New Delhi facing the Rashtrapathi Bhavan.
Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh): Standing on the river Narmada, Jabalpur is a city in Madhya Pradesh famous for Marble Rocks and Dhunva Dhar waterfalls.
Jadugoda: In Bihar is famous for Uranium Ore Mill.
Jagdish Temple: It is a fine Indo-Aryan temple built by Maharana Jagat Singh in 1651. A blackstone image of Lord Vishnu as Lord Jagdish is found here.
Jaipur (Rajasthan): A historically important place and is famous for its handicrafts. Maharaja Jai Singh Observatory and Hawa Mahal are situated here. It is the capital of Rajasthan or called rose-pink city, a huge historic fort (Amber) is situated here. The city was founded by astrologer Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.
Jaisalmer (Rajasthan): The remote fortress city on the edge of Rajasthan’s Thar Desert. It is 287 km from Jodhpur.
Jakrem (Tripura): It is 64 km from shilling and is known for its hot spring which is said to possess curative qualities.
Jalandhar (Punjab): Situated in Punjab is the centre for surgical and sports goods industry.
Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar, Punjab): It was the scene of Indiscriminal shooting by General Dyer on 13thApril 1919, when a meeting was being held. A Martyr’s memorial has been erected to commemorate those killed in the firing.
Jama Masjid (Hyderabad, AP): The Masjid lies near the North-east point of the building of Charminar, built by Sultan Mohammed Qutub Shah the fifth King of the Qutub Shahi dynasty in 1594.
Jamshedpur (Jharkhand): Centre of iron and steel industry. Tata Iron and Steel Factory is located here.
Jantar Mantar (Delhi): Site of the famous observatory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh built in 1899 is found in Rajasthan.
Jealgora: In Bihar is known for Central Fuel Research Institute.
Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh): A key railway junction in Uttar Pradesh. It is noted for the played by Queen Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi in the War of Independence in 1857.
Jharia: In Bihar is famous for coal-mining.
Jog Falls (or) Gersoppa Falls (Karnataka): Formed by river Sharavati, falls through a height of 830 ft.
Juma Masjid, Mandu: Is in Madhya Pradesh. It depicts a synthesis of Hindu and Muslim styles in architecture.
Junagadh (Gujarat): Located below Girnar Hill in Gujarat State is an ancient city in India. Gir Forest, a wildlife sanctuary famous for its lions is located here.

Kailasha Temple (Maharashtra): A rock-cut temple in Ellora caves.

Kalpakkam: Near Chennai in Tamil Nadu is known for Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS).
Kanchi or Conjeevaram (Tamil Nadu): This was the famous capital of Pallavas and is situated near Channai. Famous ancient temples here are well-known for its architecture.
Kandala (Maharashtra): It is a popular mountain resort in Maharashtra. Nestling in the Western Ghats it is an ideal resort for a peaceful holiday.
Kandla (Guajarat): The Kandla port is the main gateway for the trade of north-west India.
Kanheri (Mumbai): Situated near Mumbai, the famous spot of the ancient Buddhist caves of 1st Century A.D.
Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh): An industrial city of U.P. famous for its sugar, cotton, woolen, soap, iron, leather, tent and hosiery industries situated on the banks of the Ganga.
Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu): The southernmost tip of India where the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean meet. The sun-rising and sun-setting are picturesque scenes. Vevekananda rock memorial has also been constructed now. On the rock called Sripadaparai, a mammoth 133 ft. statue of the unmatched Poet-Saint thiruvalluvar was unveiled on 1 January 2000.
Kapilavastu (Bihar): Ancient kingdom in north India connected with Lord Buddha.
Kasauli (Himachal Pradesh): A hill station in Himachal Pradesh where the famous Pasteur Institute is located.
Kaveripumpattinam (Tamil Nadu): The place where the river Cauvery mingles with the ocean. Two great epics of Tamil literature Manimegalai and Silappadhikaram vividly portray life scenes of this place during Chola and Pandya period.
Kaziranga (Assam): In Assam is the sanctuary of the Indian one-horned rhinos.
Kedarnath (Uttarakhand): The temple of Lord Kedar (Shiva), surrounded by snow-capped peaks in one of the Hindu pilgrimage centres.
Khadakvasla (Pune): Near Pune. National Defence Academy is situated here.
Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh): Famous for its temples and erotic sculpture.
Khindsey Talao (Mumbai): This beautiful lake is set like a gem in the green expanse at the foot of the Ramtek hill.
Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu): A hill station in Tamil Nadu situated near Madurai.
Koderma (Bihar): In Bihar famous for mica mines.
Kolar (Karnataka): It is known for its gold fields.
Kolhapur (Maharashtra): Kolhapur posses’ historical as well as mythological importance. It is known as Dakshin Kashi on account of its deity Mahalakshmi or Ambabai built by Chalukya King Karnadev in 634 AD. Kolhapur was the capital of Chatrapati Shivaji in 1708.
Kolkata (West Bengal): It is known as the commercial capital of India. It has a port of heavy traffic. Dum Dum airport, National Library,Diamond harbor, Victoria Memorial are well-known.
Konark (Orissa): Town, north of Puri is famous for black pagodas and Sun Temple.
Koyna (Maharashtra): Hydroelectri project in Maharashtra, supplies power to Mumbai and Pune. The place was hit by earthquake in December 1967.
Kundanpur (Bihar): The birth place of the 24th Jain Tirthankar Mahaveer is well-known as a pilgrim centre.
Kurukshetra (Haryana): The town near Ambala. Here the great battle Mahabharatha took place between Kauravas and Pandavas.
Leh (Ladakh): Capital of Ladakh; once a caravan centre of central Asia.
Lothal (Gujrat): Oil wells in Cambay Basin.
Madurai (Tamil Nadu): Famous Meenakshi Temple dedicated to Lord Siva is located here.
Mahabaleshwar (Maharashtra): Hill station in Maharashtra is situated at a height of 4500 ft. in the Western Ghats.
Mahabalipuram (Tamil Nahu): Famous for the monumental architecture of Pallavas. An atomic power station is located near at Kalpakkam.
Mahabodhi Temple (Bihar): It is a Buddha temple with the Jataka stories engraved on the walls. The famous Magadha University exists beside the temple.
Mahrangarh Fort (Rajasthan): Five km away from the centre town of Jodhpur. Commissioned by Roa Jodh in 1959, this fortran eyrie is a master piece of medieval defence.
Mandore (Rajasthan): The ancient capital of the Rathore Marwars, the Rajputs of Rajasthan.
Meerut (Uttar Pradesh): This was the first place where the 1857 Mutiny first broke out. The Suraj Khund is the most interesting temple and there is a Moghul Mausoleum, near the old Shapir Gate.
Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh): Place of Ram Ganga, famous for cutlery, brassware and mangoes.
Mukteshwar (Uttar Pradesh): Veterinary Research Institute is located here.
Murad (Maharashtra): Seaside holiday resort of Maharashtra.
Mathura (Uttar Pradesh): It is a holy city and birth place of Lord Krishna.
Meenakshi temple (Tamil Nadu): Famous Hindu temple in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. It is remarkable for its most picturesque 850 ft. high temple with its magnificent Gopurams. One of its principal structures is the hall of thousand pillars in which a group of figures are cerved out of a single stone.
Mussoorie (Uttarakhand): A hilly resort has good rock climbing and mountaineering assets and has good fishing spots.
Mumbai (Maharashtra): Called the gateway of India is the second biggest city and port in India. It is the capital of Maharashtra state. The Prince of Wales Museum, Aarey Milk Colony, film capital of the country, Centre of oil industry and Petrochemicals, etc. are noteworthy.

Nagpur (Maharashtra): Former capital of Madhya Pradesh now in Maharashtra. Famous for textiles and oranges.

Nagercoil (Tamil Nadu): There is a temple of snakes or Nagaraja-snake god. The temple is filled with images of snakes and the Dvarapalakas are the snakes guarding the temple.
Nagarjuna Konda-Sagar (Andhra Pradesh): The reservoir is named after Buddhist Phillosopher Acharya Nagarjuna who propounded the Madhyamik school of Mahayana Buddhism.
Naharkhatia (Assam): Place near Digboi in Assam where oil has been struck.
Nainital (Uttarakhand): This lake dotted area of the Kumaon Hills, was the summer capital of Uttar Pradesh. The legend believed is that Goddess Shakti lost her eyes when Lord Shiva was curling her and the spot, where the eyes fell became a lake called ‘naina’ (eyes) Tal (lake) was thus given its name.
Nalanda (Bihar): Here was the famous University and Educational centre of ancient’s times. The Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang visited India in 7th century had mentioned about this University.
Narsobachiwadi (Maharashtra): It is a prominent pilgrimage of Lord Shree Dattatreya, situated near the confluence Krishna and the Panchaganga Rivers.
Nasik (Maharashtra): Site of Security Printing Press in Maharashtra.
Nilgiris (Tamil Nadu): The Blue Mountains of Tamil Nadu. Famous for tea plantation.
Nilokheri (Haryana): Place in Haryana, famous community development project of Dr. S. K. Dey.
Pataliputra (Bihar): Ancient name or Patna, capital of Bihar State. Famous for Ashoka edicts inscribed on rocks and pillars.
Palitana (Gujarat): Famous for its holy hills.
Pali (Sudhagad, Maharashtra): One of the most sacred places known for the temple of Vithoba, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, it is also called Dhakshina Kashi, a pilgrim centre.
Panipati (Haryana): Historical place in Haryana, famous for the three battles in 1526, 1556 and 1761.
Pawapur (Bihar): It is one of the holiest of Jain Pilgrim places. The Jal Mandir (water temple) in Kamal Sarover (Lotus pool) is most sacred. The big lake filled with lotus is a charming place and the white marble temple stands in the middle.
Planetarium, Birla (Kolkata): It is a dome-shaped building where the exact panorama of the sky is depicted, and the position of various constellations is clearly shown. The second planetarium in India has been set up in Mumbai. The third planetarium was opened in New Delhi in 1984.
Plassey (West Bengal): A village in West Bengal, famous for the Battle of Plassey where Clive beat Siraj-ud-Daulah.
Puducherry : A Union Territory – formerly under French possession. Famous for Aurobindo Ashram and ‘Auroville’ International Township, built in the name of Aurobindo.
Ponpadirkootam (Tamil Nadu): A village in Chingleput where a unique four hand Rama in gold is a feast for our eyes.
Port Blair (Andaman): Capital of Andaman & Nicobar islands.
Porbandar (Gujarat): The Birth Place of Mahatma Gandhi. It is identified with Sudamapur of the epic times and we can still see the old temple of Sudama, a friend of Lord Krishna.
Pune (Maharashtra): Pune, capital of Maratha Empire during Shivaji’s rule, had turned to be an educational and cultural centre.
Puri (Orissa): Summer capital of Orissa famous for Jagannath Temple.
Pusa (West Bengal): Famous for agricultural station.
Qutub Minar (New Delhi): The tallest minaret in the world (990 ft. high) completed by Sultan Iltutmish in 1232 A. D.
Rajghat (New Delhi): famous for the Samadhi of Mahtama Gandhi on the banks of the river Yamuna.
Rajgir (Bihar): Rajgir was called Rajgriha or King’s home in olden days. Ajatashatru named it Giribraja. It was Jarasandha’s capital. Vardhaman Mahavir, who preached the Jain Religion and spent 14 years of his active life here, Mahaveer called his first Dharma Sabha or religious assembly on Bipul Parbat here.
Rashtrapati Bhavan (New Delhi): The official residence of the President of India in Delhi, built by the British architect Edwin Lutyens.
Ratnagiri (Maharashtra): British place of Lokmanya Tilak. It has a minor port Bhagvati and a fort belonging to the 15th century.
Rameshwaram (Tamil Nadu): A pilgirimage spot in South India as equal to that of Benaras. There is the temple of Lord shiva.
Red Fort (Delhi): It is a fort built of red stone by Shah Jahan in Delhi on the Banks of the river Yamuna. It consists of Diwan-i-Am, diwan-i-Khas and other wonderful crations. In 2007, UNESCO announced the Red Fort as one of the Heritage site in India.
Rishikesh (Uttarakhand): It is a Hindu pilgrim centre. Rishikhesh is the starting point for treks to Himalayan pilgirimage centre like Badrinath, Kedarnath and Gangotri.
Rourkela (Orissa): Rourkela is the first steel plant of India envisaged in the public sector and has been in operation since February 1959 which has set in a new era in the Steel Industry of India.

Salar Jung Museum (Andhra Pradesh): It is the personnel collection of Mir Yusuf Ali Khan, better known as Salar Jung who had devoted his wealth and leisure to gather out treasures from every walk of life.

Sambhar (Rajasthan): It is a salt lake in Rajasthan. Only lake of its kind in India.
Sanganer (Rajasthan): It is the centre of hand block printing and handmade paper industry.
Sabarmati (Guajarat): It is a place in Gujarat where Gandhiji established a Harijan Ashram. It is also the name of a river in Gujarat.
Sathanur Dam (Tamil Nadu): 22 miles from Tiruvannamalai a vast forest has been turned into a huge reservoir and a dam is a tourist spot.
Satara (Maharashtra): It is a glorious historical city, was capital of Shivaji’s empire in 1699.
Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh): Famous Buddhist stupa;, the diameter of which is 108 ft. was built in ancient times. It is the largest stupa in India.
Sarnath (Madhya Pradesh): It is a Buddhist pilgrim centre. In the Deer Park, Buddha-delivered his first sermon. Famous Ashoka Pillar is located here.
Srirangapattanam (Karnataka): It was the capital of Tipu Sultan during his time. The third mysore war was fought here and Tipu died in the battle in 1799 A.D.
Sevagram (Maharashtra): It is near Wardha in Maharashtra State. It is well-known for Gandhiji’s Ashram where Gandhi lived and worked for many years.
Shantiniketan (West Bengal): About 90 miles from Calcutta, seat of the famous Viswa Bharati University founded by poet Rabindernath Tagore. It is now a Central University.
Shanti Van or Shanti Ghat (Delhi): The place where Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was crematd on 28th May, 1964 on the banks of Yamuna about 300 hards from Rajghat, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri has been cremated by the side of Shanti Van. Mrs. Indira Gandhi was cremated close to Shanti Van on November 3, 1984. This site is called ‘Shakti Sthal’.
Shivneri (Maharashtra): It is the birth place of Chatrapati Shivaji. The hill has about 50 Buddhist caves bearing inscription of various donors.
Sholapur (Maharashtra): ‘Sholapur Chaddan’s are the very famous bed-sheets. Handloom and power loom industry is flourishing in this town. Near the city a fort built by Hasan Gangu who was the founder of the Bahaman dynasty stands erect.
Shree Kshetra Audumbar (Maharashtra): An important pilgrim place in Sangli district, Audumbar is famous for the temple of Shree Dattatreya. There is well-known “Brahmanand Swami Math”.
Sasaram (Bihar): It is known for Shere Shah’s Tomb. Sher Shah was the famous Afghan king who drove away Humayun.
Shivapur (Madhya Pradesh): It is well-known for its national park in Madhya Pradesh.
Sibsagar (Assam): 56 km from Jorhat is most interesting historical city. It was the capital of Ahom Kings who ruled Assam for 600 years. The Shiva temple called the “Shivadol” is said to be the tallest Shiva Temple in India.
Sikandra (Uttar Pradesh): Situated near Agra, Akbar’s tomb stands here. It was commenced by Akbar and completed by his son Jahangir, after 14 year at a cost of Rs. 15 Lakhs.
Singareni (Andhra Pradesh): It is well-known for coal mines in Andhra Pradesh.
Sindri (JharKhand): The largest fertilizer factory in India and the whole of Asia is in Sindri, 77 km from Maithan. It is built on Ultra-modern lines and manufacturing ammonium sulphate fertilizer since 1956. The factory can be visited with prior permission.
Somnath (Gujarat): It is historically famous for the temple which was destroyed by Mohammed of Ghazni in 1025 A. D.
Somnath Patan (Gujarat): Wedged in between the two hills of Chadragiri and Indragiri, which rise abruptly from flat plains, Sravanabelagola 100 kms from Mysore is famous for Jain colossus (17 m height) Gomateswara which is said to be the tallest and most graceful monolithic statues in the world, erected in 10th century A.D.
Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh): India’s Satellite launching station is located here. It is on the Andhra coast, in Nellore District.
Sriperumbudur (Tamil Nadu): Birth Place of Sri Ramanuja, the propounder of Vishistadvaita. It was here Rajiv Gandhi; former Prime Minister of India was assassinated.
Srirangam (near Trichy, Tamil Nadu): The largest temple in South India dedicated to Lord Ranganath (Vishnu).
Sundarbans (West Bangal): It is the largest delta in India, housing rich forests.
Surat (Guajarat): It is popularly known as “Gate of Mecca”. The English got trading rights from the Mughal in 1612. Most of the population is engaged in diamond cutting and polishing gold and silver. Surat is equally known for its distinctive cuisine.
Taj Mahal (Agra, Uttar Pradesh): Erected by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz. It has been estimated that the cost of it was about Rs. 3 crores at that time. It is tear drop on the cheek of eternity. It was designed by Shiraz (Iranian Architect). Over 20,000 men were employed for its construction for over twenty years. The environmentalists fear that the beauty of the Taj would be marred, with the Mathura Oil Refinery going into full operation.
Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh): It has a monastery of the Mahayana sect of Buddhists built in 17th century. Still it is the centre of religious life and rituals in the region. It is a treasure home of old scriptures, priceless images and painted tapestries.
Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu): Popularly known as granary of South India. It was once the capital of the Cholas. Famous for Brihadeeswara temple, a Hindu temple. It was built by Rajaraja, the great.
Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala): The Capital City of Kerala State. Padmanabha Temple is here.
Thumba (Kerala): India’s first rocket launching station.
Thiru Alangadu (Tamil Nadu): Thirty seven miles from Chennai to the west and very near to Arakonam is the holy place of Thiru Alangadu connected with Karaikkal Ammayar and the cosmic dancer Lord Nataraja.
Thiruvalam (Tamil Nadu): Capital of ‘Banars’ during the early Pallava period is famous for Saivite temple with the Nandi not facing the deity but in the opposite direction.
Thekkady (Tamil Nadu): The central spot of the Periar wildlife sanctuary is in between Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
The Mysore Palace (Karnataka): Built in 1897, it was the residence of the Ex-ruler of Mysore state is an imposing structure. It is a good example for the Hoysala art and architectures.
Tiruchi (Tamil Nadu): It is an Educational Centre in Tamil Nadu. Bharat Heavy Electricals limited is established here.
Tiruparankundram (Tamil Nadu): A cave temple near Madurai is one of the famous shrines of Lord Muruga.
Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu): A famous early Chola Vaishnavaite shrine housing a huge stucco image of Varaha holding Bhudevi near Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu.
Tipu’s Fort (Karnataka): The fort is built of mud by kempegowda in 1537; it was rebuilt in stone in 1761 by Hyder Ali. Inside the fort walls is Tipu Sultan’s wooden palace with enough elaborate paint work surviving on the walls, niches, and railing columns to give an idea of its former glory.
Triveni (Uttar Pradesh): Here meet the rivers Ganges, the Yamuna and the mythical Saraswathi. Kumba Mela is celebrated here once in 12 years when the Sun is in Aquarius facing Jupiter in the zodiac sign Leo.
Trithamukh (Tripura): It is a popular pilgrim centre for the Tribal people of Tripura. Thousands of people assemble here in January-February during the festival called Uttarayana Sankranti and have a holy bath in the river Gomati.
Tripolia Gate (Rajasthan): A gate with eight carved marble crunches under which the ruler was weighed on his birth day against money of equal weight distributed to the poor. The city was found in 1567 by Maharana, Udai Singh.
Udaipur (Rajasthan): Popularly known as city of lakes. Pichola lake is a famous one.
Udipi (Karnataka): This is the seat of Dvaita system of Hindu Philosophy propounded by Sri Madhva Changa. The beautiful Sri Krishna temple is very famous Hindu pilgrimage centre.
Udayagiri-Khandagiri Caves (Orissa): These two hills are little far away from Bhubaneswar. This was a seat of a Jain saint who lived 2000 years ago. ‘Rani Gumpha’ and ‘Hathi Gumpha’ are the most famous; consist of the rock cut inscription in India which records chronologically the deeds of king Kharavela.
Uttiramerur (Tamil Nadu): A city near Chingleput boasts of Sundara-varadaperumal temple of the period of Dandivarma Pallava is of complex design.
Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh): Mahakaleeswar Temple is sacred for the Hindus.
Vaishali (Bihar): Vaishali has withnessed the major parts of Gautama Buddha’s life. He gave his last message to his disciples at Kolhua village in the suburbs of Vaishali. On the eve of Buddha’s death centenary, the 2nd Buddhist council was held here. The 24th Jain Tirthankar Vardhaman Mahavir was born at Kundagram in the suburbs of Vaishali in 599 BC.
Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh): ‘The Eternal City’ is an important pilgrimage of the Hindus. Lord Viswanatha’s temple is here. It was a learning place for over 2000 years. Kashi and Benaras are the other two names of Varanasi which means the city between two rivers – Varanama and Asi. It is the seat of Banaras Hindu University. Aurangzeb’s Mosque is here.
Vedanthangal (Tamil Nadu): A bird sanctuary in the swamps of Madurantakam lake.

Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh): It is a natural and protected harbor on the eastern coast in Andhra Pradesh. A shipbuilding yard in located here.

Vivekananda Rock (Tamil Nadu): Mandapam of Vivekananda is in Cape Comerin.
Victoria Memorial (Kolkata): Magnificent building having an art gallery depicting the history of the British rule in India. It was erected by voluntary collections in the memory of Queen Victoria. A well laid out garden adds to the beauty.
Wardha (Maharashtra): It is a cotton producing centre in Maharashtra. It is on Chennai-Delhi rail route. Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned here.
Warrangal (Andhra Pradesh): It has historical evidence about on the seat of the Kakatiya rulers. Its chief tourist attraction is the thousand pillared temple at Hanam-Konda built by King Rudra Deva in 12th century.
Yamunotri (Uttarakhand): It is the source of the Yamuna River. It emerges from the frozen lake of ice and glaciers on the Kalinga Parvat. There is a temple of the goddess Yamunotri on the left banks of the river. Below the temple there are many hot springs where the water emerges at boiling point.
Yarcaud (Tamil Nadu): It is a hill station 8 km away from Salem at an altitude of 5000 ft. It is a part of Servarayan hills.
Zojila (Jammu & Kashmir): It is a pass on the way from Srinagar to Leh.